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Records dealings of individuals with the Federal Government

Researching the National Archives’ vast collections of materials, such as - Censuses, Ship Passenger Lists, Military Records, Military Pension files, Muster Rolls for Civil War Soldiers, Ship Passenger Lists, Enlistment Registers, Census Records of families, etc. are available at the National or Regional Archives nearest you

U.S. Census Information- 1790 through 1920

This is provided as a guide for searching available Federal Census Records, note many States (not all) also had a "Midterm Census) e.g. 1885, 1895 etc.

1790-1840 has only Head of Household name - all others enumerated by gender & age

1850-1860 has name, age, sex, occupation, birthplace, for each free person in household

1870 has name, age, sex, occupation, birthplace, whether parents foreign born for each person in household

1880 has name, sex, age, relation to Head of Household, marital status, occupation, birthplace, father place of birth, mother place of birth for each person in household

Note: 1880 Soundex (Index) - Head of Household listed in the Soundex only if there is a child age 10 or under living in the Household. This Soundex does not contain all names in the census; you must check the actual census to find additional persons

1890 No Census available; a fire in 1921 burned all but 6,200 records (Alphabetized on microfilmed index cards) Note: New York City had a 1890 Police Census that is available on microfilm. This Census is listed by address not by name. You must have the address first to find the record.

1900 has name, relation to Head of Household, sex, month/year of birth, age, marital status, number of years married, number of children, place of birth, place of birth of mother/father, year of immigration to U.S., naturalization, occupation, education for each person in household

Available Soundex

1910 has name, relation to Head of Household, sex, age, marital status, number of years married, number of children, place of birth, place of birth of mother/father, year of immigration to U.S., naturalization, native language, occupation, education, home ownership for each person in household

Note: Census Year 1910 - Soundex available only for the following states: AL, AR, CA, FL, GA, IL, KS, KY, LA, MI, MS, MO, NC, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV

1920 has name, relation to Head of Household, sex, age, marital status, year of immigration to U.S., naturalization and year, education, place of birth and native language of this person, the father of this person and mother of this person, ability to speak English, occupation each person in household. Available Soundex


1930 census will not be available until 2003 from the information I have received

Census Records are available at most Major Libraries if you lived in the State you are searching, on occasion you can find surrounding States records also available. For out of the area census you can find them (You may need to order them in advance at a minimum fee) at you local Family History Center, Church of the Latter Day Saints, the number is available in your phone book

Naturalization Records:

Vary by State and location

This is a good site for information on Naturalization Records.

Passenger Lists: There are perhaps hundred of thousands of ships that had arrived 1700-1900 searching is a difficult and time consuming task

A good place to located passenger Information are for Naturalization Records. Some Naturalization Papers will list the Date and Ship and Port of Arrival

Records on a State, County or City level

Researching to locate a family member's Will, Birth Certificates, Marriage Licenses, Death Records, Deeds of Property, etc., the answers to these questions lie at the state, county, or local level

For Marriage Certificates and the information contained therein, write to the County Government as many counties have Marriage Certificates as far back as when the counties were formed.

For Deeds and Wills, try the appropriate county courthouse as it may have records of deeds or wills

For Birth and Death Records, the States did not maintain birth and death records until at least around 1890 (when it became a requirement). Church records usually have them before that time.

Newspaper Archives: This is a good place to look where available if you have a date of death. Often you will find more information than you will on the death record. Death records and in some areas Obituary Information if available. This is where you will find Place of Internment, Relatives and address of the deceased.

City Directories: Many Cities have Directories available (similar to our phone books) for early years. Generally persons listed in these Directories are 18 years of age or older.

Social Security Death Index: This started in 1937 so generally speaking persons who were working or joining the work force after this date will be listed. Caution that all persons listed are not necessarily dead, some persons are simply receiving a benefit. By the same token not all persons are listed, some did not either live long enough or had no claim to collect a benefit. Available on the Magner Clan Page

Cemetery Records: In most case you will need to know the date of death to obtain these records directly from the cemetery. Often the cemeteries are very large and the personnel do not have the time to drop everything and look up records for you that may span many possible years. Do you home work from other sources than request a look up. Often cemeteries will charge a look up fee that varies by location. Some cemeteries will furnish a five-year each way look up and again there is usual a fee involved. Some cemeteries provide look-ups free if you have the date.

Irish Research:

Researching in Ireland in my opinion should only be started when the exact location is known along with a ton of additional confirmed information. Records are sometimes available but difficult to access, dates often vary as does accuracy. There are various reasons for the in-accuracy of Irish records which I will not go into here My personal experience has steered me away from paid searchers by Public and or Private research abroad.

Griffith’s Index is available on the Magner clan Page


This in my opinion has opened the Genealogy Market 1,000 fold in recent years. It is a boon business. There are countless sources of free information available what is required is for you to learn how to search. Beware also there are also many scams out there


This is a touchy area at best. Often the Immigrant did not know how to spell or speak the English language, again at times the Purser or Census taker lacked the skills required for penmanship or word association. I have looked at some that the penmanship was so fancy and defined I had a difficult time reading it. [I have also found areas of records that I would have choked the writer in despair.] Check for various spelling combinations or ‘Close" spelling. Magner, Magnier, Magnor, Magna, Magnus etc. Many names have been permanently changed due "the spelling at the Dock"

Magner Soundex M256

Parish registers in the National Library of Ireland

The main source of genealogical information in the Library consists of Roman Catholic Registers. The Library holds microfilm copies of the registers of most Roman Catholic parishes in Ireland for the years up to 1880 and in some cases to 1900. For further information on these registers, please read the Family History information leaflet entitled  Parish Registers in the National Library of Ireland. 

The National Library has produced a list of the parish registers which can be consulted on microfilm in the Library.  Parishes are listed alphabetically by diocese and the dates of the registers in each parish and the National Library Call Number are given.  Please note that call numbers are NOT given for the Diocese of Cashel and Emly or for the Diocese of Kerry. This is because permission from the diocese is needed to view the films of these registers. 
Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly. 

Commissioning Research

The National Library does NOT offer a research service. It is possible to commission research and there are researchers - private individuals and organizations - who have indicated a willingness to carry out family history research on a professional, fee-paying basis. 

Diocese of Cork and Ross

Some Cork County Catholic parish registers survive from as early as 1748, though most go back to only the early 1800s. When you view the parishes section of this site, you will find information about when each parishes baptismal records begin. The original registers are usually still held by the parish and the Parish Priest is entrusted by Church law with the care of the registers. Due to the need to preserve the original registers, visitors are not allowed access to the books for browsing purposes. Because browsing the registers is very time consuming, local clergy are usually reluctant to search for records without very specific dates.

Some parishes have good computer databases of the records in their care and a request will usually be attended to speedily. Written requests for information, giving as much specific information as you have, accompanied by a donation of 10 euro (equivalent to $10) per search to defray some of the cost of time and postage, along with your return postal address (and email) will usually get a response and a Certificate of Baptism (if a record exists).

If you do not have specific dates of birth or baptism, it is unlikely that the parish will have the resources to browse several years of records - especially if they are not computerized. All of the baptism records prior to 1890 for Cork County have been micro-filmed by the National Library ( and written permission is NOT required from the priests of any Cork County parish to browse these films.

    Time Difference:  Ireland is eight hours ahead of U.S. Pacific Time.  Example:  1:00 p.m. in Los Angeles would be 8:00 p.m. in Ireland.

    Currency Exchange:  Ireland now uses the Euro.  For current exchange rates: click here.

    Weather in Ireland:

Dates and Locations: This again is a mandatory part of your research. John Magner as an example.  There were many hundreds of John Magner that were living in Ireland. Simply sharing that name does not necessarily connect you with that individual, research does. There is more to good records than connecting the dots.

Keep in mind when requesting lookup from the various sources:  Not all people are interested in your genealogy, they are trying to do the job they are in business for and that is to make a living. Some will search for you for free and some require a monetary sum for that service. The fact they do not find what you want does not require them working for nothing. Be sure to thank the persons whether they find what you want or not and be civil, especially when the look-up is for free. Many researchers have stopped doing free look-ups due to persons that are less than courteous. It is important for you the searcher to gather whatever information you can on your ancestors and keep written documented records to that end. Quite often a simple name located early in your research will have a large payoff later.

Good luck in your search.

Jim Magner and Ronn Magner Knowles




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