HISTORICAL AND TOPOGRAPHICAL NOTES, ETC.
ON Buttevant, Castletownroche, Doneraile, Mallow, And Places in their Vicinity.
COLLECTED BY: COLONEL JAMES GROVE WHITE J. P., D. L.
VOL. II, Cork: Printed and published by Guy and Co.. 70 Patrick Street. 1911
Sheet 24, six-inch O.S., and Sheet 175, one-inch O.S. Barony of Duhallow, Parish of Castlemagner. It lies two miles west of Cecilstown, which is the post town. It derives its name from the Magner family.
In 1881 the following is recorded:-Area of parish, 7,88oa. Ir. 26p., statute; houses, 221; pop. 1,174; families, 216; R.Cs, 1,121; Prots., 53; val. £5,913 15s. od. (Guy).
The rectories and tithes of Castlemagner, with many others, were granted to Sir John Jephson, Kt., 12th December, 10 James I., in Cork (p. 211. Folio Calendar of Patent Rolls of James I., P.R.O.D.).
Lewis (pub. 1837) describes the parish as follows: - "Castlemagner, a parish partly in the barony of Orrery and Kilmore, but chiefly in that of Duhallow, County of Cork, and Province of Numster, 3 ½ miles (E. by N.) from Kanturk, containing 2,853 inhabitants. It derives its name from the family of Magner to whom this part of the country formerly belonged, and who erected a castle here, which was forfeited during the protectorate. Not far from Castlemagner, in the parish of Subulter, is Knockninoss."
Lewis gives an account of Loghort Castle, which will be described under the name.
He continues: The parish is situated on the new line of road from Mallow to Kanturk, and is partly bounded on the south by the river Blackwater, and contains about 7,760 statute acres, consisting of nearly equal portions of arable and pasture land; there is some woodland, and a considerable quantity of wet rushy ground, but no bog or waste. The soil is generally fertile, producing excellent crops, and there are several large dairy farms. On the lands of Coolnamagh are several pits of culm, forming part of the Dromagh vein, but not worked at present. Limestone abounds, and is quarried for building, repairing roads, and making lime. The new government road to King-Willliams Town passes through the extremity of the parish for about a mile and a half.
The seats in the parish are Ballygiblin (Sir W.W. Becher, Bart.), Bettyville (J. Terry, Esq.) Ramaher (C. Purcell, Esq.), The Glebe House (Rev. J.D. Penrose), Cecilstown Lodge (W. Wrixon, Esq.), and Assolas (belonging to Sir W.W. Becher).
The "Field Book" of 1840 states: Castle Magner Parish. A large parish, nearly all arable. It has some rough pasture. It contains about 45 Danish forts. Portions of four rivers. About 12 gentlemens houses, 8 demesnes, one-third of the town Kanturk, 2 villages, one old castle in ruins, a noble residence, a church, several quarries of common stone, several springs, wells, limekilns, ponds, &c. (Ord. Sur. Office, Dublin).
Castlemagner Parish (R.C.)
"The Ancient and Modern Names of the Parishes of Cloyne," taken from the Diocesan Register, written by the Right Reverend Matthew McKenna, R.C. Bishop of Cloyne and Ross, in the year 1785: - Names, modern, Castlemagner; ancient, Castslemagner; patron saint, dedicated to B.V. (Brady, i., lxviii.)
1291. "Ecca de MUNEMANARRACH xxs under decia Iis." (Tax P. Nic.)
"E. Monymandragh idem cum Castlemagner." (V.B of 1670) (Brady, vol.ii, p. 100)
A list of the Popish Parish Priests registered for the County of Cork the eleventh day of July, 1704, &c., &c.
William Sheehan, residing at Garretmaegarret, aged sixty-two years of the parishes of Kilbrin, Castlemagner, and Ballyclogh. He received Popish Orders in 1668 at Lumbriensis, from the Bishop of Lumvariensis. Sureties were John Quin, of Ballydaheen, £50; Owen OCallaghan, of Lottsy, £50.
Owen OConnell, residing at Killcaskan, aged sixty-six years. He was Parish Priest of Clonmeen, Kilshanig, and part of Castlemagner. He received Popish Orders in 1666 at Dublin from Patrick Plunket. His sureties were Manus OKeefe, of Knocknageehy, £50; and Callaghan of Lismealcomin. £50 ("Journal." Pp. 56 and 58, 19)
An abstract of the state of Poperty in Diocese of Cloyne. Nov. 6th, 731, gives: - Parish of Castlemagner and Ballyclogh. One old Masshouse. Two officiating Popish Priests. No Convent of Frayars of Nuns. No Popish school. ("Journal," P. 51, 1893). Lewis (pub. 1837) writes: - In the R.C. divisions this parish is the head of a union or district comprising CastleMagner, Rosskeen, and Subulter, and has a small chapel here. A school of 50 boys and 30 girls, under the National Board, is aided by Sir W.W. Becher, Bart., who allows 20 guineas per annum; and a school for boys and girls is supported by the trustees of Erasmus Smiths foundation, who allowed £20 per annum to the master, with a contingent gratuity of £10 and £14 per annum to the mistress, with a like gratuity of £8. The school house which contains apartments for the teachers is a neat building in the rustic style, erected by the late Hon. John Perceval, and is kept in repair by Lord Arden. (Under Castlemagner).
St. Bridgets Holy Well
On 24th August, 1894, I visited the interesting Holy Well of St. Bridget at Castle Magner. IT is situated on the left bank of the Catra stream, opposite the old castle. The masonry work is in excellent preservation. On a stone over the well is inscribed "Owen Egan of Knucknanuss. Erected this in Honor of God. And . . . BI . . .IHS Ad 78." On the right face of the well is a nude female figure, and on the left face is another sculptured figure that looks like a Roman soldier. They are carved on blocks of limestone.
This female figure is the Sheela-na-gig mentioned by Du Noyer as a "rude figure, female, from Holy Well near Kanturk," in his "Sketches," vol. I, p. 82., R.I.A. In the "R.S.A. Journal" or 1894, p. 392, it is stated as being near Banteer, and described thus: "A figure erect, with uplifted hands, and extends below the knees. It measures one foot 10 ½ inches in height, and the upper wider portion of the slab is carried on is one foot wide. Sec I..139, of these "Notes."
Du Noyer has made an excellent drawing of this Sheela-na-gig. I compared the accompanying photograph and Du Noyers drawing, and there is no doubt as to its being the figure at Castlemagner Holy Well. Also see vol. i., p. 279, of these notes.
I was informed that people came to the Holy Well from long distances on St. Bridgets day to drink the water, which is supposed to cure every kind of illness. The water is also rubbed on the part of the body where there is pain. They "pay rounds" three or four times, and make the sign of the cross on the wall of the Holy Well with a pebble.
They leave the drinking vessels, thus numbers of cups, jam pots, and small tins are near the well, while pieces of linen are attached to the top of it.
I am informed that this Holy Well is also called "Sundays Well," probably from the fact that about eighty years ago over one-hundred cars could be seen on a Sunday at the well bringing people to pay rounds. Such wells as this visited on Sunday are named Tobar-righ-an-domhnaigh, or "the well of the King of Sunday" (Joyces "Irish Names," i.,452).
The Baptismal Register of Castlemagner gives the following Parish Priests who ruled the Parish from 1724 to the present date (1912).
Rev. Father Cassin, died 1724.
The Rev. Edward Donegan, having been pastor for a period of 28 years, died at the age of 73, on the 13th October, 1793. His successor, Rev. Daniel Ryan (the Frenchman), died 16th July, 1813. This priest built the old thatched chapel in 1800.
The Rev. Timothy Ryan left Castlemagner and became P.P. of Kanturk in November 1820.
The Rev. Daniel Organ came to the parish in November, 1820, and became P.P. of Conna and Ballynoe in May, 1832.
The Rev. John Riordan came May, 1832, and died May 15th, 1847.
The Rev. Wm. Hogan came June 29th, 1847, and died the 10th June, 1867. This priest built the present chapel in 1859-60.
The Rev. Charles McCarthy came August 11th, 1867, and became P.P. of Churchtown and Liscarroll, 1872.
The Rev. Patrick J. Doyle came August 29th, 1872. He built the present parochial residence, and died January 18th, 1892.
Rev. James W. Greene (the present pastor) came the 5th February, 1892. This priest laid out the chapel and parochial house grounds with much taste. He also build, in 1901, the present curates house, for which Sir John W. Becher, Bart., of Ballygiblin, gave two Irish acres of land at a rent of £3 per annum.(2) Unfortunately, it has become the custom to make the sign of the cross on the Sheela-na-gig (see photograph). J.G.W. (3) Sir John Becher also gave free use of a limestone quarry and a subscription unsolicited of £10.
£200 were borrowed from the Board of Public Works. The parishioners willingly meet the rest of the expenses, by parachial collections and by carting lime, sand and bricks (70 tons) from Lombardstown railway station to the site of the dwellinghouse and out offices.
Lieut-Colonel Longfeld of Waterloo, gave the free use of his Blackwater strand, from which 200 loads of screened sand were brought for the same purpose.
The Misses Scott taught sewing and a little reading from 1848 to 1852 at Cecilstown.
Michael Ryan opened a "Hedge School" at the same village in 1850.
John Davis and Dan McCarthy taught also in "Hedge Schools" at Castlemagner Cross in 1848. The National School (vested) was built in the year 1848 by Sir W.W. Becher, Bart., of Ballygiblin.
In the Report Book (1858) the Inspector makes the following entry: "I would recommend the teacher not to be smoking publicly in school."
The schools mentioned by Lewis no longer exist.
Castlemagner Parish (C. of 1.)
Cicra 1663. Castle Magner Parish was in the Prebendary of Kilmaclenin. The church was in repair, and the parish was taxed in the Kings Books £2. The rectory was impropriate: Robert Longfield, Esq., impropriator. (Smith, vol. I., pp. 49-50)
In 1694, Castlemagner formed part of a union in the Diocese of Cloyne, comprised as follows: Vicaria de Kilbrin, als. Rogeri Calvi; Vicaria de Castlemagner, Vicaria de Bally Clogh, Praebenda de Subolter, Praebenda de Kilmaclenyne, Vicaria de Roskeen, Sitque ecclia de Castlemagner palis. (Brady, vol. i., p.xxxvii).
In 1682, Castle Magner was a parish in the Rural Deanery of Bothon, and had a church. (Brady, vol. ii., p.298).
Brady records Incumbents, &c., as follows:
1591. "E. Ville castri R. spectat ad Bothon Edmund Magner est Vicar." (MS. T.C.D., E. 3. 14).
1615 Peter Betesworth (P. Subulter, q.v.) is Vicar, and Emanuel Phaire (P. Kilmaclenine, q.v.) is Vicar, and Emanuel Phaire (P. Kilmaclenine, q.v.) is Curate. "R. impropriata, Johes Jephson, miles, firmarius. Vicariam Betesworth habet studendi gratia, per quinquennium. Valet 4 li. Per annum. Curatus, Edmanuel Phaire, minister predicator." (R.V. R.I.A.)
1616 Patrick Coyne is admitted V. Castlemagner and Kilbrin, and P. Subulter, q.v.
1618 Thomas Fitzmaurice, Baron of Kerry and Lixnaw, had a grant on 6th June, 1618, of the advowsons of V. CastleMagner, Kilbrowney, Ballyclogh, Killenballinaglish, Dunbullog.
1634 E. de Castlemagner spectat ad Ballybeg. Val. 15 li. per an. Vicar, Patrick Coyne. Val. 15 li. per an.
E. de Kilbrin, spectat ad Bellebege. Val 20 lli. Johes Jephson, miles, Impropriator, V. Pat. Coyne. Val. 20 li. (R.V. 1634). Kilmabo Scrulane, Johes Jephson, Impropriator. Nullus curatus. (MSS Consistorial Office, Dublin).
1661. Vicaria vacat. (V.B.)
1662. Edward Bullen(4)
(4)Probate of his will. 1670, is amongst the Cloyne wills P.R.O., Irid.
1670-1. John Webb. He was also Chancellor of Cloyne.
1679. The Communion Plate now (1863) in Castlemagner church consists of a cup and paten of silver, weighing together a pound and a half.
On the cup is the legend: "This Cup belongs to the parish church of Castlemagner, 1679."
1685 Gilbert Heathcote, A.M.
1693 Edward Sayers
1694 V. Castlemagner; val. 10 pounds. Mr. Sayers, Incumbent. Epus patronus. Church of Castlemagner much damnified by the late war, but now in repairing. Impropriator of Castlemagner, Mr. Jephson olim, numo vendit Johi Longfeld, R. imp., val 20 pounds. (Palliser).
1713 Robert Carleton, A.M. In 1721 Carleton became Dean of Cork.
1713 John McCormick, A.B.(5)
1804 James Hamilton
1805 Sackville Robert Hamilton
1805 Castlemagner contained six Protestant families
1809 John Chester, A.B. The present parish register begins in this year. The earliest entry is that of the induction of Mr. Chester, Sept. 15.
1816 Joseph Rogerson Cotter
1830 Protestant population, 106
1834 John Denis Penrose.
1837 Castlemagner is a vicarage, with cure, 5 miles long by 3 broad, containing 8,o99a or. 27p. Gross population, 2,853. No curate employed. Composition for the vicarial tithes, £404 125 6 ½ d. 3r. 9 ¾ p. of glebe, valued at £1 is., subject to visitation fees, £1 15s.; diocesan schoolmaster, 14s. Castlemagner glebe-house built in 1813, under the new Acts at the cost of £738 gs. 2 ¾ d. Brit., granted by the late Board of First Fruits, viz., £276 18s. 5 ½ d. in way of gift and £461 10s. 9 ¼ d. in that of loan, of which loan there remains £252 changeable on the benefice in 1832, repayable by annual installments of £18 os. 4d. Incumbent is resident. Incumbent reports that, exclusive of the moneys aforesaid, he has expended about £184 125. 3d. in making additions and improvements to the house, but that he has not taken the steps necessary to change his successor with the repayment of any portion of this expenditure. One church, capable of accommodating 120 persons, built in 1816, by means of a loan of £461 10s. 9 ¼ d. Brit. granted by the late Board of First Fruits of which loan there remained £212 13s. 5d. chargeable on the parish in 1832, repayable by annual installments of £11 16s. 4d. The retorial, consisting of one-half of the tithes of this parish(6), compounded for £404 12s. 6 ½ d. are impropriate, and belong to John Longfield, of Longueville, Esq., and are held by Mr. Jeremiah Callaghan under lease, of which there remains one very old life. (Parl. Rep.)
1851 Francis Webb.
1860 The church and glebe is in order; three-quarters of an acre of glebe in Vicars use. The Protestant population is about 60. The rent charge payable to the Vicar is £303 15s. 11d. The Impropriator, John Longfield, Esq., has an equal amount. The present Vicar has a rent charge on the benefice for £94 expended on the glebe house. There is no approach from the road to the glebe house except through land rented by the Vicar from Lord Limerick.(5) Ancestor of the late Sir William McCormic, surgeon, who for some years lived at Kilpatrick House, near Ballyclough, and kept a school there. Langley Brasier Creagh. (6) Amongst Longueville papers in the Deed of Sale of Tithes of Castlemagner, Kilbrin, and Clonfert from William Jephson to Daniel Forrest, in trust for John Longfield. Dated 8 January, 1693.
Revd. J. H. Cole (pub. 1903) writes on this parish: In a MS. In T.C.D. of 159 it is called "EE. Ville Castri," and in the Visitation Book of 1670 it is entered as "E. Monymandragh, idem cum Castlemagner," which would mean "the turf-bog of the mandrake."
Of this parish Dr. Olden says, that "as it is not mentioned in the 'Pipe Roll of Cloyne,' it probably was not then in existence. It was formally part of the once important prebendal parish of Subulter, and seems to have been carved out of that parish by the Magners, a powerful family there, who built the castle and the church."
This union consists of the parishes of Castlemagner, Colnmeen, with Roskeen, Subalter, Ballyclogh, with Dromdowney, Kilbrin, and Liscarroll, and Kilmaclenan.
1871. Henry Swanzy (see Burkes "Family Records," p. 569, pub. 1897).
On the resignation in 1877, of John Galbraith, V. Clonmeen, that parish was united to Castlemagner.
The church population of this union is about 170.
There are four churches St. Bridgets of Castlemagner, Clonmeen, Ballyclough, and Kilbrin. Castlemagner church was repaired in 1873 and in 1887 a vestry room was added and new heating apparatus; a chancel was built in 1900, and a pulpit and prayer desk dedicated, as memorials, by Sir John Becher, of his brother, Sir Henry W. Becher, who endowed the parish.
The union is under the diocesan scheme. There is an endowment of £130 per annum paid by Sir John W. Becher, Bart., having been made a charge on lands by Sir Henry W. Becher, Bart.
The assessment is £168; stipend of Rector, £300.
Among the parochial organizations are Bible Classes and Church History Class, at the Glebe House, which was built by Revd. John Chester about 1811; was purchased for the parish by the vestry about 1873. There is three-quarters of an acre of land, as glebe, at a nominal charge of 8d yearly.
Revd. E.G. Jones V. Kilbrin and Liscarroll, resigned those parishes in 1898, and they were added to Castlemagner union. (Cole, p. 172).
Castlemagner church lies about 8 ½ miles west of Mallow. It was built about 1811, and is named after St. Bridget. There was an old church in the same churchyard, a small portion of the ruin is still in existence. Both Protestants and Roman Catholics are buried here.
Over the main entrance to the churchyard is a stone cross with the following inscription: "A gift to the parish of Castlemagner from the Right Honourable the Lord Arden. A.D. 1817.
Tablets of the Church:----
To Major Nicholas Wrixon, late 21st Fusilliers. d. at Cork. 6 June, 1864. His eldest son, Lieut. John Wrixon, same Regt., d. at Kamptee, Indis. 15 Sept. 1843, aged 22, where a monument is erected by his brother officers. Erected by their affectionate wife and mother. Mary Wrixon, widow and mother of above, d. 13 feb., 1882, aged 87. Erected by her second son.
Near the Reading desk is a tablet:------
Under the seat lies the body of the Rev. Francis Gore, late of Assollus, who departed this life May ye 10th, 1784. He was incumbent in these parishes for 34 years during which time he behaved himself very charitable to the poor, indulgent and agreeable to all his parishioners and neighbours. He died in ye 65th year of his age.
A tablet to the memory of Sir William Wrixon Becher. Bart., b. 31 July, 1780, d. 17 Oct. 1850. John Michael Wrixon, Esq., b. 13 Aug., 1781. D. 27 April, 1855. The Rev. Nicholas Wrixon, b. 18 Feb., 1783. D. 9 April 1869.
A tablet to the Rev. Francis Webb, 22 years Rector, b. 25 Jan., 1814, d. 21 Nov., 1870. Also one to Mary Elizabeth eldest dau. Of John Power of Roskeen. B. 30 Mar., 1855. D. 4 Dec., 1878
Another to Anne dau. Of John Becher. Of Creagh, and widow of James Lombard of Lombardstown. B. 20 Jan., 1761. D. 17 July, 1830.
A tablet in memory of Constance Marianne Barry, a perfect wife in sicness and health, March 22nd, 1896.
In memory of Major J.C. A. Walker, of the Queens Bays, who was killed in action near Boachmans kop in South Africa, April 1, 1902, while fighting gallantly for his King and Country. May he rest in peace. Erected by J.W. Becher, Sept. 1902.
In 1903 the church was greatly improved. A new chancel with tesselated pavement, solid marble steps, oak pulpit, reading desk, lectern, communication table and rail, were added; also the roof opened up, a pitch pine dado placed round the inside of the church, and a roof of same material.
All this was erected at the expense of Sir John Becher, Bart., of Ballygiblin, with aid from Revd. H. Swanzy, the Rector, and a grant from the Beresford Fund.
It was in memory of Sir Henry W. Becher, Bart., of Ballygiblin, who endowed this parish.
In the churchyard, against the wall of the ruin of the old church, is a handsome monument with the following inscription:----
Henry Wrixon, Esq. Of Assolus erected this memory of his uncle, Mr. ArthurBastable of Castlemagner, who died 7br ye 4th 1773. Aged 75 years. Denis Connell, F.
Enclosed within a railing is a tombstone to the memory of : ----
Thomas V. Priestly. D 13 Oct., 1883, aged 42 years. Also his son, Charles, who d. at sea. 23 Dec., 1902, returning from South Africa. Buried at Lisbon. Aged 34.
On a cross lying on the ground:
Revd. Percival Priestly, M.A., d. 4th Sept., 1904, aged 26.
There are tombstones or vaults to the families of Bastable, Chester, Bolster, Williams of Mallow, Priestly of Mallow, Townsend, Egan, McCarthy. Stacks of Coolnamaugh, Haines of Mallow, and others.
On the South side of the churchyard is the remains of a stile on the stone boundary wall and a stand for ladies to mount on pillions in the old days.
The Revd. Henry Swanzy kindly showed me the church plate in his possession. It consists of a very old silver chalice, with the following inscription: "This cup belongs to the parish Church of Castlemagner." Two hallmarks, two castles, and the letters R.S., thus:
Parachial Records (Baptisms, Marriages and Burians) are in the Public Record Office, Dublin. There are three volumes, as follows:
Baptisms, 1810-1905; Marriages, 1809 1844; Burials, 1809 1906.
(39th Rep. Depy. Keeper P. R. in Irld., 1807, page 18)
The following persons were by an inquisition held at Shandon Castle, in Cork, September 1, 1588, found to be concerned in the Earl of Desmonds rebellion, and were, most of them, attainted by Act of Parliament. Fifty-seven persons were mentioned amongst which is "Richard Magner, of Castle Magner." (Smith, vol. i., p. 29)
Thomas Fitz Maurice, Baron of Kerry and Lixnawe, assigns to William Magner, of Castlemagner, Co. Cork, gent, his right to a grant from the King of the lands recited in viii. 32. 20th May, 16 Jas. I. A.D. 1618, as follows:
Grant (viii. 32) from the King to William Magner, of Castle Magner, Co. Cork, gent, the castle, town and lands of Castle Magner, otherwise Magners Castle, 3 car., viz: - Castle Magner, ½ car. With a watermill thereon; Cwyllebalin or Culballine, ½ car.; Ballinknockane, I car.; Lissy-dgaine, Carrigshaneoge, and Knockanebohy or Knocknebohie, ½ car., and Knockanegeiragh or Knockaunemygeragh, and Knockigile, ½ car.; Ferrenedoyne, ½ car.; Rossenenany or Rosnenarenie and Movnevenoge, I car.; Rathbegg, 12a., the advowsons of the vicarages of Castle Magner and Kilbrwny; the castle, town and lands of teample Conilly or Templeconnelly, 3 ½ car., viz., ½ car, belonging to said castle; Liskilly, ½ car.; Kilbruony (Kilbrowny), Ballintrell or Ballitrely, otherwise Trellstowne, 2 ½ car.; a void place or toft and a garden in Buttevant. The premises are created the manor of Castlemagner, with 200 acres country measure in demesne; power to create tenures; to hold courts leet and baron, and to enjoy all waifs and strays. No rent reserved. To hold for ever, as of the castle of Dublin, in common soccage, unless it be found that the premises or any part of them were held by knights service. 6 June 16th Jac. I., A.D. 1618. (Pat. Rolls, P.R.O. Irld.)
In the "Unpublished Geraldine Documents" in the account of "The Whyte Knight," p. 16, in reference to the building of Old Castletown Castle, it is stated that "the rock whereon it stands was formally called Magners Rock, where there was some kind of building before" (p. 16).
Also the following note: - "Oldcastletown is a townland in the parish of Kildorrery, barony of Condons and Clongibbon, Co. Cork, in which the ruins of the old castle are still remaining.(8) In a pamphlet entitled Biographical Memories of travels through this country by Michael Pyne, privately printed about the forties of the 19th century, he writes "Castle Magner, 4 miles to the east of Kanturk, which was the property of Richard Magner, an agent to the Irish inhabitants of Kilmore. This castle is 56 feet high, flanked with one round tower, with a battery and a dwelling house built on a rock hanging over a stream of water. Magner lost his estate in the wars of 1650; he was the only man who tricked Cromwell."
But it is unlikely that it was called Magners Rock before the erection of the castle there by William Keagh (the blind) FitzGibbon (circa 1450), as the first of the Magners that appeared in Cork County was probably Robert Magner, who had a grant of lands in the sixteenth of James I., and who forfeited Magners Castle (now Castlemagner, in the barony of Duhallow, Co. Cork) for complicity in the rebellion of 1614. Of this Robert, Smith in his "History of Cork" (where he is called Richard), tells a curious story as related further on.
Smith writes in 1750: - "About two miles to the north of Clonmene is Castle Magner, which through in the circuit of this barony, is reckoned to be in Orrery. In the rebellion of 1641 this Castle belonged to Richard Magner,(9) agent for the Irish inhabitants of Orrery and Kilmore. By an Inquisition held at Shandon Castle in Cork. 9 Sept., 1588, Richard Magner, of Castle Magner, Esq. (with others), was found to be concerned in the Earl of Desmonds Rebellion (Journal for 1896, p. 478). When Cromwell was at Clonmel, he went to pay his court to him, but being represented as a very troublesome person, and one who had been very active in the rebellion, Cromwell sent him with a letter to Colonel Phaire, then Governor of Cork, in which was an order to execute the bearer. Magner, who suspected foul play, had scarce left Clonmel when he opened the letter, read the contents, and sealing it up, instead of proceeding towards Cork, turned off to mallow, and delivered it to the Officer who commanded there, telling him Cromwell had ordered him to carry it to Colonel Phaire. This officer had often preyed upon Magners lands, for which he was resolved to be avenged. The officer, suspecting no deceit, whet with the letter, which greatly amazed the Governor of Cork, who knew him to be an honest man, and immediately sent an express to Cromwell for further directions. Cromwell being extremely chagrined to be so served, sent orders to let the officer have his liberty, and to apprehend Magner, who took good care to get out of his reach. This Castle and Lands were granted to the family of Bretridge for forty-nine arrears; it is now the estate of Sir Standish Hartstonge." (Smith, vol. i., p. 282).
The following is a local story,(10) for what it is worth, explaining Cromwells dislike to Magner. When Cromwell and Magner were walking together through the churchyard of Castlemagner, Cromwell asked Magner "who were buried there?" Magner replied "his father, grandfather, and grand-uncles."
Cromwell, moralizing, said, "He supposed they were great men in their day, but he was able to walk over them now."
Magner, taking it as an insult, replied, "It is easy for a living dog to walk over dead lions."
In the Book of Survey and Distribution, circa 1657, it is stated that Robert Magner, jun., had been the owner of Castle Magner Parish, consisting of 7723.ir.24p. it was granted on forfeiture to Roger Bretridge. (P.R.O.D.)
In the Down Survey map, circa 1666, a castle is shown at Castlemagner, also a tuck mill at Garran, a little north-west of Castlemagner. (P.R.O., Irld.)(9) By an Inquisition held at Shandon Castle in Cork, 9 Sept, 1588, Richard Magner, of castle Magner, Esq. (with others), was found to be concerned in the Earl of Desmonds Rebellion (Journal for 1896, p. 478)
(10)For what is was worth
In 1659 the townland of Castlemagner is shown to contain 12 English and 51 Irish. The Tituladoe being Roger Bretteridge, Esq. (Pettys Census, R.I.A.)
The Subsidy Roll of 1662 gives: Roger Bretridge, of Castlemagner, value land £.8 9s. 4 ½ d.
In 1663, value in goods, £.15 (P.R.O., Irld.)
The grant to Roger Brettridge comprised-The castle,town and lands of Castlemagner, 77ea.; Rossanarny and Lackeyle, 208a. ; in Knocknashilleny, Knocknemeter, Ardagh, Killebraher, 242a. ir. 8p.; East Drynagh, 134a. Bar. Orrery and Kilmore. Garron McGarrett, 148a. 3r. 8p.; Ballyheene, 282a. ir. 24p.; Rathmaghery, 73a ir. 24p. Ir.; Drumcummer and Killrush, 270a.; Kippagh, 122a., 122a., Bar. Duhallow, Total quantity, 2,252a. 3r. 24p. (3,649a. ir. 13p. stat.). Total rent, £.34 45. 2 1/3d. inrolled 3 Aug., 1666. These and other lands were (pursuant to Privy Seal, dated at Whitehall, 8 Aug., 1669) created the manor of Brettridge, &c. Theother lands were-Lisraduggan, Convaline or Coulvaline, Knockarcharrihy, Kippage, Dromconnor, Killrush, Rathmaherry, Ballyheene, Garraunmcgarrett, Rosemany, Ardage, Tervine, Killebragher, Knocknashelene, Knocknamether and Drinagh. (ODonovans "Letters and Antiquities,"14 C. 9, p.25, R.I.A.)
In the pedigree showing the "Descent of the Uniackes of Castletown and Nova Scotia, from the Royal House of Plantagenet," opposite p.245, 1894, of the "Journal"-Thomas Purdon, of Drinagh and of Kilpatrick, Co. Cork, Captain in the Army, is stated to have married Elizabeth, dau. And co-heir of William Hawnby, of Castle Magner, Co. Cork, esquire. (See l., 136, of these "Notes").
This marriage is more fully explained in a footnote on p. 245 by R.G. Fitzgerald-Uniacke, R.R.S.A., the author.
Lewis (pub. 1837) confirms the account by Smith, and adds: The castle and lands were granted to the family of Bretridge, from whom they passed to the Hartstonges; the remains now form part of a farmers residence. (Under Castlemagner).
The Field Book of 1839 states that the castle is nearly in ruins; occupied by a farmer. (Ord. Sur. Dub.)
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